Schizophrenia is a complex mental disorder which is caused due to a disturbance in the neurobiology of the brain leading to changes in personality, thoughts, behaviour and emotions.
Patients with schizophrenia are unfortunately unable to understand or explain the nature of their illness, many times completely denying anything being wrong with them. This makes it difficult to convince them to seek help.
Common signs and Symptoms of Schizophrenia
- Being Suspicious of people
- Altered or abnormal Behaviour
- Talking or muttering to self
- Laughing to self
- Feelings of being controlled
- Emotional disturbance
- Disturbed Daily activities and Self Care
- Change in manner of speech
- Social withdrawal
- Overall change in personality
- Hearing voices
- Seeing, Feeling things which aren't sensed by other people
Is schizophrenia treatable?
When recognised early, with the right medication and psychological support, patients with Schizophrenia can be restored to normal functioning.
How long does treatment last?
Due to the chronic nature of the illness and the tendency to relapse, long term medication is required in schizophrenia. Treatment can last upto 5 years and in some severe cases, extend for longer. Discontinuation of medicine without expert supervision and advice is not recommended.
Is Schizophrenia genetic?
If a close family member is suffering from the illness, there are around 5-15% chances of inheriting the illness.